There are a lot of students these days coming to the forefront to serve the country by appearing for the civil service exam. Several applicants from Uttarakhand appear for the Uttarakhand Public Service Commission (UKPSC) every year. They try their best and appear for the exam with the hope of clearing it by preparing the UKPSC syllabus. But the point where they often get confused is to choose which optional subject? This is because the optional subject can often decide your fate of clearing the exam. It is very well known by all of us that we should choose the optional subject very wisely. This is why today we the team of Sapiens IAS is here to help you out.
Our experts feel that anthropology has been a choice amongst the majority of aspirants. Therefore, today in this article we will tell you why it is important for us to be ready with the UKPSC Anthropology syllabus. This will help you know the importance of prior preparation and why one can also think of joining an anthropology coaching for UKPSC. So, let us now begin!!!
Anthropology Optional Syllabus for UKPSC
PAPER – I
1.1Anthropology: Its meaning, scope and development.
1.2 Relationship with other disciplines: History, Economics, Sociology, Psychology, Political Science, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences.
1.3 Main branches of Anthropology: their scope and relevance.
2.1 Human Evolution and emergence of Man: Organic Evolution; Theories of evolutionPre- Darwinian, Darwinian and Post- Darwinian Period. Modern Synthetic Theory of evolution.
2.2 Principles of systematic and taxonomy: Major primate taxa, Systematics of Hominoidea and Hominidae; Comparative Anatomy of man and Apes; Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications.
2.3 Origin and Evolution of Man: Phylogenetic status, characteristics and distribution of the following: Prepleistocence fossil primate-Oreopithecus, South and East African HominidsPleasianthropus,Australopithecus africanus, plesianthropus,Australopithecus robustus and related species.
3.1 Emergence of Homo: Homo erectus and contemporaries
3.2 Neanderthal Man in Europe: La-Chapelle-aux-Saints (Classical type). Mt. Carmelites (Progressive type).
3.3 Rhodesian man.
3.4 Homo sapiens sapiens (Upper Pleistocene), Cromagnon Man, Chancelade and Grimaldi.
4.1 Human Genetics: Meaning, scope and branches, its relationship with other sciences.
4.2 Methods for the study of genetic principles in man-family study (Pedigree analysis, Twin study, Foster child, co-twin method, cytogenetic method, Immunological method, D.N.A. technology.
4.3 Mendelian Genetics in man-family study, single factor, multi factor, polygenic inheritance in man, concept of genetic polymorphism and selection. Mendelian populations- Hardy-Weinberg Law, Inbreeding, Genetic Load, Genetic implications of Consanguineous and cousin marriages.
4.4 Chromosomes and Chromosomal aberrations in man; Genetic counseling.
5. Concept of Race: Race and racism, racial classification; Ethnic groups of mankind:- characteristics and distribution.
6. Ecological Anthropology: Concept and methods; Bio-cultural adaptation.
7.1 Human Growth and Development: Concept and factors affecting growth and development, methods of growth studies.
7.2 Biological and Socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
8. Applications of Physical Anthropology and Human Genetics.
9.1 Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology: Broad outlines of prehistoric cultures- i. Palaeolithic, ii. Mesolithic, iii. Neolithic, iv. Chalcolithic, v. Copper-Bronze age.
9.2 Dating Methods: Relative and Absolute.
10.1 The Nature of Culture: Concept and characteristics of culture and civilization; ethnocentrism and cultural relativism.
10.2 The nature of society: Concept of Society; Society and Culture; Social Institutions; Social Groups; and Social Stratification.
10.3 Marriage: Definition and Universality; Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo); Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy); Functions of marriage; Marriage regulations (Preferential); Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).
10.4 Family, Household and Domestic Group: Definition and universality; functions and Types (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession); Impact of urbanization.
10.5 Kinship: Consanguinity and Affinity; Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilaterial, Ambilineal); Forms of descent groups (Lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred); Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory).
11. Economic Organization: Meaning, Scope and relevance of economic anthropology; Formalist and Substantivist debate; Principles governing Production, Distribution and Exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market) in communities subsisting on hunting and gathering fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, Horticulture andAgriculture.
12. Political Organization: Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state; concepts of power, Authority, Legitimacy; Social Control, Law and justice in simple societies.
13. Religion: Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional) monotheism and polytheism; myths and rituals; forms of magico-religious beliefs in tribal and peasant societies (animism, animatism, fetishism, naturalism and totemism); religion, magic and science distinguished, magico religious functionaries (priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer and witch).
i. Classical evolutionism- Tylor, Morgan and Frazer.
ii. Diffusionism- British, German andAmerican.
iii. Functionalism- Malinowski, Structural functionalism- Radcliffe- Brown.
iv. Structuralism- Levi-Strauss.
v. Culture and Personality- Benedict, Mead, Linton, Kardiner and Cora-du-Bois.
vi. Neo-evolutionism- Childe, White, Steward.
vii. Cultural Materialism (Harris).
15.1 Research Methods in Cultural Anthropology: Field work tradition in anthropology; Distinction between technique, method and methodology; Tools of Data collectionObservation, Interview, Schedule, Questionnaire, Case history, Case study and Genealogy; Secondary sources of information.
15.2 Controlled comparison and cross cultural study.
Paper – II
1. Emergence and Development of the Indian Culture and Civilization: Prehistoric (Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic-Chalcolithic); Protohistoric (Indus Civilization).
2. Demographic profile of India: Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution.
3. The structure and function of traditional social system: Vernasharam, Purushartha, Karma, Rina and Rebirth.
4. Caste system in India: Structure and characteristics; Varna and Caste, Dominant Caste, Caste mobility, Jajmani system, Tribe-caste continuum.
5. Sacred Complex and Nature-Man-Spirit Complex.
6. Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society including tribals.
7. Emergence, growth and development of antroprology in india: contribution of early Scholars-Administrators. Contribution of Indian Anthropologists to Tribal- Caste studies.
8. Aspect of Indian Village: Social, economic, polity and religion, Changing patterns of settlement and inter-caste relations. Sanskritization, Westernization and Modernization. Panchayati Raj and Social change.
9.1 Tribal situation in India: Linguistic and socio-economic characteristics of the Tribal populations and their distribution, Bio-genetic variability.
9.2 Problems of tribal communities: Land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, health and nutrition.
9.3 Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation, New forest policy and tribals. Impact of Urbanization and Industrialization on tribal populations.
10.1 Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.
10.2 Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions, development programmes and welfare measure on tribals and weaker sections and women participation.
10.3 The concept of Ethnicity: Ethnic conflicts and political developments, Unrest among tribal communities; Pseudo-tribalism; Social change among the tribes during colonial and post- independent India.
11. History of Administration of Tribal Areas: Tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation.
12. Role of N.G.O. in tribal development.
13. Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development.
How to Prepare For Anthropology Optional For UKPSC?
Jackson quoted, “Don’t say you don’t have enough time. You have exactly the same amount of hours per day that were given to Michelangelo, Mother Teresa, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Albert Einstein”. Hope so that most you must have understood what Jackson meant actually. Yes, we all have the same time with us as the experts but we do not know how to utilize it. This is why we have come here with a small guide that can help you learn how to prepare for anthropology optional for Uttarakhand Public Service Commission.
The first thing you need to do is look for the best online coaching that gives you the best UKPSC anthropology suggestion. They will also help you plan the UKPSC anthropology strategy which can guarantee you good results in the exam.
Next, you need to decide which anthropology book is best for UKPSC optional. This will ease your work to a greater extent.
Often we find it very difficult to study the entire books and hence under the guidance of experts you can make the anthropology notes for UKPSC or you can also buy the UKPSC anthropology study material from the experts.
Other than this you can also try solving the UKPSC anthropology optional question paper. This will help in revising all that you have studied to date. You must remember everything which you have gone through.
The last thing that one needs to focus on is to apply for the UKPSC anthropology test series which will boost your knowledge and also motivate you.
These are a few tips that one can follow for making sure that they pass the UKPSC exam for serving the people of Uttarakhand.
About Us – Sapiens IAS
Sapiens IAS is a team of experts that helps the civil service exam aspirant in making their dream come true. We and our professionals are spending every minute in curating the best study material for the students. There are many reasons for you to choose us for anthropology coaching for UKPSC.
- Anthropology experts help in guiding you with each problem and query.
- We are at your service 24X7 and are constantly guiding you in the best way.
- Live and recorder online class sessions are there for your convenience.
- Students can appear for mock test series to enhance their preparation for the UKPSC exam.
- When in doubt of which is better sociology or anthropology for UKPSC, you can get in touch with the experts at Sapiens IAS.
FAQs on UKPSC Anthropology Exam
Which order to follow for solving the questions while appearing for the UKPSC preliminary exam?
There is no order to solve the questions while appearing for the preliminary exams. But yes you should start answering the topics that you are confident with at first. This will help you save from the last moment panic.
What is One Time Registration?
This is a process with the help of which the students can create their applicant profile and also register themselves here with UKPSC. After this, they can apply for different exams that are organized by the Commission.
What is the age limit of the UKPSC exam?
To appear for the Uttarakhand Public Service Commission, the applicants need to be of a minimum of 21 years and a maximum of 4 years. The OBC applicants get a three year age relaxation and the SC/ST gets a five-year relaxation.