Which Optional is Better for UPSC – Anthropology or Sociology

Are you a UPSC aspirant, dream to serve the nation from the highest official rank? UPSC exam is the world’s one of the most difficult exams to crack but don’t worry, systematic preparation with smart work can get your job done.

UPSC offers various subjects to choose from for the optional subject. In this article, we are going to discuss two of the most popular subject student choose as their optional, Anthropology and Sociology. In this discussion, we’ll try to understand which is the relatively easier subject for UPSC?

Before getting started, let’s make a clear concept about both the subjects.

What is Anthropology?

Anthropology scientifically studies the humans, human behavior and societies of past and present. Social anthropology studies behavioral patterns and cultural anthropology studies cultural meaning, including norms and ethics. Linguistic anthropology studies on the influence of language in social life. Biological or physical anthropology examines the biological evolution of humans.

How is Anthropology Optional for UPSC, IAS Exam

What is Sociology?

Sociology is the study of social life, social change, and the social causes and effects of human behavior. Sociologists conduct investigations in the structure of groups, organizations, and societies, and how people communicate within these contexts. Since all human behavior is social, the topics of sociology range from the private family to the hostile mob; from well-organized crimes to religious cults; from the categories of race, gender and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture; and from the sociology of work to the sociology of sports.

Though these two subjects relate to each other greatly they have some basic differences 

Sociology concentrates on society
> Anthropology focuses on culture.
> Sociology is Quantitative
> Anthropology is Qualitative
> Sociology is mostly solution-oriented to fix social problems through policy.
> Anthropology primarily targets to understand human diversity and cultural differences.

Having clarified the basic details, let’s understand,

Which subject is more relevant in terms of clearing UPSC?

Sociology is a subject that’s previously popular as many students chose it as their optional. But current trends are showing a huge number of students are opting for Anthropology as optional.

The possible reasons are,
• Recent Shortening of Syllabus
• Paper 1 mostly contains objective questions offering scoring possibilities.
• Students of science background adapt easily as it covers many concepts of Biology
• Easy to remember topics once thoroughly learned and revised

Plus Points of Sociology-
• Some portions are in common with general studies papers.
• It also helps in essay paper because at least one essay on social issues is generally asked.
• Sociology also helps in ethics paper and the interview stage.

Though sociology checks at some point but Anthropology is widely recommended today. Thanks to the currently shorted syllabus, Anthropology is now the subject with the smallest syllabus for UPSC.

If the student hasn’t yet made up his/her mind, Anthropology would be the best choice as an optional subject of UPSC.

Why Choose Anthropology Optional for UPSC Civil Services Exam 

The scientific nature of Anthropology asks to-the-point questions that require only one answer. That means you don’t have to be rhetoric or dialectical.

About Us-

Sapiens IAS is a coaching institute serving the nation from 2007. Our institute Sapiens IAS has helped many Civil servants to achieve their dreams. Mr. Pradip Kumar Sarkar the chief of the institution is the one to be given credit for.

Sapiens IAS helps those aspiring UPSC students who choose Anthropology as their optional. Our institute offers well-structured coursework that includes all the different aspects of anthropology as optional for IAS. Offline coaching is available for those students who are based in Delhi.

So if you are Delhi based and looking for coaching for anthropology optional for UPSC then you can contact us. Our online anthropology coaching is available for any state of India. Mr. Pradip Kumar Sarkar has immense popularity among the students of Anthropology in the UPSC field. We in our course structure prioritize three factors FACTS, FRAMING, and FLOW.

Anthropology is a subject that requires huge and diverse knowledge on various topics; we help students to grasp the whole concept by providing exclusive documents and anthropology study materials that claim relevance for UPSC. For instance, you have to go through multiple diagrams or case studies, we represent them in a simplified way that helps you to understand and remember it.

watch more online videos

We offer help in: 

• Self Writing notes
• Diagrams
• Covering the whole content
• Different Interesting Fact
• Mind mapping of Different ages, times and cultures
• Self-awareness
• Case Studies
• Field analysis
• Different Reports and Documentaries

Sapiens IAS provides anthropology online classes along with the regular offline class. So, you can now avail of all the classes simply by opening up your device from home and prepare for UPSC uninterruptedly.


1. What are the civil services? How to get into the civil services of India?
Civil Services refer to jobs like IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, etc. directly related to public service and the most prestigious in India. UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) conducts the Civil Service Exam examination for Central Government job vacancies. Check our Website to know more about Civil Services Exam.

2. Which stream should be chosen for graduation to clear the UPSC exam?
Most of the questions in the general studies paper in Prelims and Mains are associated with the Humanities department. But it is neither required nor prudent to take Humanities as your graduation stream just for the UPSC exam. Graduation should be based on your expertise– it can be anything i.e. humanities, science, engineering, management or literature.

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